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THE HISTORY

of Gynaikokastro Castle!

  • ΤΟ ΓΥΝΑΙΚΟΚΑΣΤΡΟ

    The history of the castle was short but eventful. After the death of its founder, Andronikos III Paleologos, civil war broke out between John V Palaiologos and John Kantakouzinos. Meanwhile, in the summer of 1342 the Zealot movement broke in Thessaloniki; the people with the Zealots in head revolted against the aristocracy. The governor of Thessaloniki, Theodore Synadinos left the city accompanied by numerous noble families. About 1,000 people in total took refuge in Gynaikokastro Castle.

  • ΙΣΤΟΡΙΑ

    The history of the castle was short but eventful. After the death of its founder, Andronikos III Paleologos, civil war broke out between John V Palaiologos and John Kantakouzinos. Meanwhile, in the summer of 1342 the Zealot movement broke in Thessaloniki; the people with the Zealots in head revolted against the aristocracy. The governor of Thessaloniki, Theodore Synadinos left the city accompanied by numerous noble families. About 1,000 people in total took refuge in Gynaikokastro Castle.

  • ΠΕΡΙΓΡΑΦΗ

    The history of the castle was short but eventful. After the death of its founder, Andronikos III Paleologos, civil war broke out between John V Palaiologos and John Kantakouzinos. Meanwhile, in the summer of 1342 the Zealot movement broke in Thessaloniki; the people with the Zealots in head revolted against the aristocracy. The governor of Thessaloniki, Theodore Synadinos left the city accompanied by numerous noble families. About 1,000 people in total took refuge in Gynaikokastro Castle.

"You'd think that you face a ruined castle, grassy deserted and silent .... up there, in the castle, greatly glorified from the old days... "

  • DSC0273

    A few years later, before 1350, Gynaikokastro was occupied by the Serbs and commander of the castle was set a man named Velkos, in head of a strong garrison (1350). After the Serbs defeat by the Turks in Evros River (1371), the bishop of Thessaloniki and later Byzantine emperor Manuel Paleologos recaptured Gynaikokastro on behalf of the Byzantine Empire. In autumn 1383 the castle was captured by the Turks, after a siege by Evrenos Gazi and despite the defenders' strong resistance. In the 15th century Gynaikokastro, undere its new name “Avret Hisar”, became property of an islamized Greek “pronoiarios” or “spachis”.

  • DSC0429

    A few years later, before 1350, Gynaikokastro was occupied by the Serbs and commander of the castle was set a man named Velkos, in head of a strong garrison (1350). After the Serbs defeat by the Turks in Evros River (1371), the bishop of Thessaloniki and later Byzantine emperor Manuel Paleologos recaptured Gynaikokastro on behalf of the Byzantine Empire. In autumn 1383 the castle was captured by the Turks, after a siege by Evrenos Gazi and despite the defenders' strong resistance. In the 15th century Gynaikokastro, undere its new name “Avret Hisar”, became property of an islamized Greek “pronoiarios” or “spachis”.